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University of Utah Library Guides

Copyright & Plagiarism at the University: Glossary

Copyright and plagiarism issues at the university level

Words to Know

Bibliography: Special reference works that are used to identify as many published works on a given subject as possible, and serve as compilations for other authors or researchers

Cheating: Breaking of rules to gain unfair advantage in a situation

Citation: Reference to a published or unpublished source

Common Knowledge: Knowledge that is known by everyone or nearly everyone

Copy and Paste: The popular, simple method of reproducing text or other data from a source to a destination

Copyright: The exclusive legal right, given to an originator or an assignee to print, publish, perform, film, or record literary, artistic, or musical material, and to authorize others to do the same

Database Citation Generator: online tools which facilitate the creation of works cited and bibliographies

Fabrication: An invention; a lie

End Note: Software tool for publishing and managing bibliographies, citations and references.

Fair Use: An exception to the copyright law that permits limited use of copyrighted material without acquiring permission from the rights holders

File Sharing: Distributing and accessing digital files on a network

First Sale: The right of consumers to resell a book or a CD to another customer

Infringement: The violation of a copyright protection

Licensing: When the owner of copyright material gives permission for the material to be copied.

Mashups: The musical genre, video, book, or web hybrid that encompasses songs, video, text or web application which consist entirely of parts of another

Paraphrase: a restatement of the meaning of a text or passage using other words

Parody: An imitative work created to mock, comment on or trivialise an original work, its subject, author, style, or some other target, by means of satiric or ironic imitation

Plagiarism: Passing off or using as one's own the writing (or other materials) of another person

Public Domain: Material that is no longer (or never was) copyright protected and is available for unrestricted use

Reference Selection: The works and only those works cited by the author(s) in the main text

Source: Information from a person, publication or other record or document referred to by citation

Stealing: Theft or taking of another person's property without that person's permission or consent with the intent to deprive the rightful owner of it

Summarize: A brief overview of a research article, thesis, review, conference proceeding or any in-depth analysis of a particular subject or discipline, and is often used to help the reader quickly ascertain the paper's purpose

TurnItIn: Academic plagiarism checker technology for teachers and students. Online plagiarism detection, grammar check, grading tools

-Definitions taken from the U.S. Copyright Office - Copyright.GOV

- Definitions taken from Wikipedia Online Dictionary

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