Sociology: Methods of Social Research
...sizable shares of the public see problems
Funk, C., Gottfried, J., and Mitchell, A.. “Science
How on earth did I cite this!? look in the next
Around 2 million scholarly articles are published every year -put that into the pile of 60-100 million that already exist and you can justifiably feel overwhelmed -especially when a literature review assignment asks you to rationally pick a handful of the best ones for your project (that's making my skin crawl just thinking about it). Along with a librarian class visit, this guide will help you mitigate anxiety and give you strategies to negotiate library research with confidence (really!)
Please do contact me for an appointment or just e-mail questions -I'll even entertain a group of you, it is my work to help you with yours!- at email@example.com.
(note: these are not considered scholarly)
Finding just the main ideas and context helps -make a point of recording jargon, technical terms, names, populations, etc. When you do background searches, you're looking for context, currency, jargon, etc.
Nexis UNI (heaps of media, trends, newspapers)
CQ Researcher (What is important to U.S. voters right now)
US Newsstream (newspapers all across the U.S. -lots of local info, opinion, policy commentary)
Step Two: Mid-level Research
(note: these are a mix of scholarly and non-scholarly -take care)
Use these to discover articles in specific social science disciplines that work well for your topic (or aspects of the problem or solutions presented). These can contribute to your literature review, so document your searches and download good results.
Sociological Abstracts (sociology & social work -one of my favorites)
Family & Society Studies Worldwide (a new one to try (new to us at the U))
PsycINFO (psychology, but with many applications in social sciences)
Education Full Text & ERIC (education, family development)
Business Source Premier (business)
PAIS (public policy and analysis)
Worldwide Political Science Abstracts (politics)
Good mix of disciplines (generic)
Academic Search Premier (big mash of everything)
Library Catalog: USearch (everything -highly recommended)
JSTOR (classic and mostly scholarly)
Step Three: Literature Review Tools
(note: these are typically the high-end of academic scholarship)
Scopus AND Web of Science -Amazing/Awesome databases, all scholarly:
tip 1: select "social sciences & humanities" at the search page (unchecking the others).
tip 2: Do a search and in the results, click "cited by" as the sorting option (right-hand side). The most cited, most influential articles will now appear at the top.
Google Scholar (fun discovery too, not always complete, but a worthwhile additional place to use)
Open Web and Government Info
If you receive government funding (federal, state or local) you typically have to report on what you did with it. The U.S. and its states have a tradition of openness in our documentation and there's a lot to find on websites. Note that historical records exist, but sometimes in an older format like microfilm -so don't be discouraged if it doesn't show up on your first searches -I'm happy to help you track down data.
USA.gov & Utah.gov (indexes federal and some state resources -just try out some keywords)
U.S. Department of Health and Human Services
U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development
There's also: benefits, education, immigration, etc. etc. -USA.gov or the target state you're interested in is a good place to start.
Just like an expert witness in a court, a Non-Governmental Organization (NGO) that is also non-profit may perform research and self-publish it on a really great looking website. It might be unbiased and worthwhile, but it also may be funded by a for-profit company interested in shaping public opinion. Take care!
literature review:search term
At the end of the library class, students should be able to:
1. Understand the scope of Marriott Library Resources & Services
2. Understand and apply academic library research strategies
3. Understand several contexts of standards of authority & credibility & integrity
Government Sources (GAO, State Ethics, licensing &oversight)
Academic Sources (IRB, tenure/impact)
Mind Mapping :-)
Dale's starter kit for engaging with complicated literature:
First Stop: Library Research:
As you find articles that you think are relevant,
download the article (get that full text and save it)
get a small amount of citation information (title, journal, etc.)
read the first page or so and write a sentence about what the article is saying
find a quote that agrees with the sentence you wrote
Second Stop: Synthesis
After you have a list of articles, try to put them into a cohesive order where each article contributes to a greater narrative or point. This can be helped greatly by a chaotic mind map where you try to tie concepts to each other into a greater whole
(Dale's sample is not the only way to do it, but it is one way that works for me :-)
Notes on IRB (Institutional Review Board)
The Institutional Review Board has a critical role in reducing risk for the reputation of the college, university -and also, especially, for the research subjects. Instead of being burdensome, it can offer an excellent third party critical review to your research to ensure it is free from bias or other significant problems. The University of Utah IRB page (some links below) wants you to succeed and offers training and help as well as forms and tools for getting it right.
UofU Human Research Training (including CITI info)
New Investigator Toolkit (handy!)
The CHOP Boilerplate -what's IRB?
Don't fear the "Find It" button!
Here's the rule: click on it and either find a link to the article in another database -or when confronted by "NO ELECTRONIC FULL-TEXT" -request the item yourself at Inter-Library Loan (ask me if you get stuck for more than 60 seconds, I can help: firstname.lastname@example.org)
I love to help with your research: from just seeing the assignment, to wrapping up with citation management -drop me a line or come by 1726C on the first floor of the Marriott Library