University of Utah Library Guides
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Pre-Law LEAP Fall 2022

The purpose of this course is to explore the meaning of community, especially as it relates to the American community as a whole and communities within the United States, and the relation of law to community.

Subject Specialist

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Lorelei Rutledge
Office Hours by appointment via Zoom. Please email to make an appointment
J. Willard Marriott Library
295 S 1500 E Salt Lake City, UT
Phone: 801-585-3922

LEAP Professor

Dr. Joshua Rivkin


EndNote Web

Everyone at the University of Utah is eligible for an account on EndNote Web. You can either access it at The very first time you login you will need to be at the University of Utah IP address (on campus).

Welcome to the Marriott Library!

Today we are going to learn how to navigate the physical and and digital library. At the end of this session, you should be able to: 

  • Find books, journals, basic articles, and digital objects using Usearch.
  • Develop precision search skills using the advanced search.
  • Narrow search results using the facets in “Refine My Results” sidebar.
  • Learn how to request items from the ARC and other locations.
  • Use the “My Library Account” and e-shelf tools to review, save, & email search results.

In-Class Exercise - Physical and Digital Library Scavenger Hunt

The Last Bookstore, Los Angeles

1.) Get into groups.

2.) Go to Pre-Law LEAP library guide (congrats, you're here!)

3.) Search for the book Lorelei assigns your group in USearch (, talking through your process, challenges, and questions. Take note of icons and buttons you see that convey information about the item. 

4) Go into the library stacks and try to locate your book. If you can't find it, pick a different one from the same section of the stacks. 

5.) Document your process of searching online and in-person (refer to "Questions to ask yourself below") 

6.) Report out to class. 


BOOKS (Assigned to groups)

  • Group 1 - Sex and the Constitution by Geoffrey R. Stone
  • Group 2 - Steal this Book by Abbie Hoffman
  • Group 3 - The Story of My Life  by Clarence Darrow
  • Group 4 - The Fallacy of Campaign Finance Reform by John Curtis Samples
  • Group 5 - Nicomachean Ethics by Aristotle
  • Group 6 - A Treatise of Human Nature by David Hume
  • Group 7 - We Were Eight Years in Power by Ta-Nehisi Coates
  • Group 8 - Animal Farm by George Orwell
  • Group 9 - To Kill a Mockingbird by Harper Lee
  • Group 10 - Brown v. Board of Education: its impact on public education by Dara Byrne
  • Group 11 - The Myth of Judicial Activism: making sense of Supreme Court decisions by Kermot Roosevelt


Questions to ask yourself: How did I search? What did I find? Was it easy? Hard? Is the item available? How? In print? Online? Both? Is it open access or behind a paywall? How do you know? Did you have to go into a database to find it? How do you know? What information is available in the bibliographic record? Besides finding it, what can I do with it? Save it? Email it to myself or a friend? Find a citation? What's the difference between "Get It" and "View It"? If it's only available physically in the library, can I still get it this semester? How? 

Advanced Search Strategies

  1. Pick your search terms - use single words or short phrases. Think of synonyms. Keep adding to your list as you search and get a better idea of what you are looking for. 
    1. Example: Gun control, Gun regulation, Gun rights, School shootings, Firearms, National Rifle Association (OR NRA), Second Amendment, Background checks, Parkland, Columbine, Assault rifle, "Right to bear arms"
  2. Put phrases in quotes (ex: "medical marijuana") 
  3. Use truncation when appropriate - educa* will put up education, educate, and educator. homeless* will pick up homeless and homelessness. 
  4. Use Boolean Operators - AND, OR, or NOT (ex: Pets NOT dogs; "voter disenfranchisement" AND "Civil Rights Act") 


  1. Boolean Operator: AND

    • Finds sources containing two or more ideas
    • The database will only retrieve items containing both words
    • AND narrows your search
    • You can use AND many times in one search
    • Example: electronic AND voting
    Boolean AND 


    Boolean Operator: OR

    • Use OR when searching for synonyms
    • OR tells the database that the words can be used interchangeably, so it will retrieve items containing either word
    • OR broadens your search to include synonyms and related words
    • You can use OR many times in one search Example: electronic OR internet OR web
    Nesting search terms using: parenthesis ( )
    • Make a complex search using both AND and OR by placing parentheses around synonyms so you don't have to repeat searches
    • Nesting saves you time by allowing you to search multiple synonyms at once
    • Example: (electronic OR internet OR web) AND (vote OR voting) - this cuts down on having to do multiple searches for the combinations of keywords

    Boolean OR

    Boolean Operator: NOT

    • Use NOT when you wish to exclude records from your search results 
    • Example: pets NOT dogs
    • Be careful when using NOT! The term you want may be present in an important way in results that also contain the word you wish to avoid   

Creating an EndNote Basic Account

A Day in the Life at the Marriott Library

University Libraries Catalog and WorldCat

Marriott Library Eccles Library Quinney Law Library