How to Read a Journal Article

This guide is designed to help you understand the composition of a journal article, identify the general research method used, and evaluate the content.

Anatomy of journal article

Many scientific journal articles use the IMRAD framework to structure content of the article;

Introduction, Methods, Results and Discussion

Journal Article Anatomy Series

Good series on understanding the IMRAD sections of a journal article.

The anatomy of an article: title, abstract, and introduction.   

     "aimed at assisting authors in writing clear reports of their surgical investigations ... [with] focus on the front matter of research articles, which encompasses the title, abstract, and introduction."   PubMed PMID: 24747468.


The anatomy of an article: Methods and results.    

       "The main purpose of the Methods section in a scientific report is to enable readers to reproduce the study and/or apply the PICO framework."     PubMed PMID: 28463937.


The anatomy of an article: the discussion section: "how does the article I read today change what I will recommend to my patients tomorrow?"      

     "... the Discussion is crucial to optimally asist the reader to translate the results of the article to his or her clinical practice or research. "     PubMed PMID: 23694892.


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