Constructivism and socio - constructivism
Constructivism implies that learners are encouraged to
construct their own knowledge instead of copying it from an authority, be it a book or a teacher, in realistic situations instead of decontextualised, formal situations such as propagated in traditional textbooks, and
together with others instead of on their own.
(Kanselaar, De Jong, Andriessen & Goodyear, 2001)