While both involving rights on an individual basis, copyright and privacy represent distinct concepts. "Rights" in general are at play when talking about both, but copyright protects works of authorship while privacy protects information about individuals. This guide offers a quick, brief distinction between the two to help professors and instructors at the University of Utah navigate online teaching during the pandemic.
The main concepts of privacy that have built over time through HIPPA, FERPA, and other privacy regulations include the right:
When you re-use a copyrighted work of authorship created by someone other than you, you get their permission or you look to see if your re-use fits within the U of Utah policy on reuse of copyrighted works (linked below).
When you're an author & rights holder, you get to decide on what to do with your work, including
The U of Utah has a copyright ownership policy that helps spell out who has rights to works created on campus. Briefly:
Copyright ownership & reuse policies are available for reading here https://regulations.utah.edu/research/index.php
*The U of U has blanket music licenses with ASCAP, SESAC, BMI, and GMR. For Zoom-based courses that are live and will not be recorded, professors & instructors could use the blanket licenses. Check the catalogs (linked in the line above) of each licensor to see if the song you want to use is listed. Faculty will need to consider purchasing the digital versions of songs they want to use (and that are listed in these databases) in their classes since the library primarily only has CDs and only a few streaming music resources (linked below). Please note that the blanket licenses do not permit any recording of the music. If you record your live class session and want to include music, use permission-free or other library-licensed music resources.
FERPA protects records about a student enrolled in a school. Letting students know if they will be recorded is a best practice in terms of privacy. With FERPA, a teacher would not be able to share the video recording with those outside the class.
Some great sample wording comes from Loyola University of Chicago Office of Online Learning:
"In this class software will be used to record live class discussions. As a student in this class, your participation in live class discussions will be recorded. These recordings will be made available only to students enrolled in the class, to assist those who cannot attend the live session or to serve as a resource for those who would like to review content that was presented. All recordings will become unavailable to students in the class when the course is unpublished [...] Students who prefer to participate via audio only will be allowed to disable their video camera so only audio will be captured. Please discuss this option with your instructor."
Mass Media Law by Clay Calvert, et al.
Privacy and the Right of Publicity: An ABP Practical Guide. 1981 by Faustin F. Jehl