Special Education: APA and Chicago Style

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Style Manuals

Many instructors require students to create citations for a bibliographies and to write and format a paper according to a particular style.  The most common style in the social sciences is the APA style, created by the American Psychological Association.  Another style often used in the social sciences is the Chicago style, created by the University of Chicago Press. Information on both styles is listed below.

The Marriott Library has been funded for a two-year pilot project with NoodleTools. You may want to take a look at NoodleTools because it is a great teaching tool while providing information on citing using APA, MLA, and Chicago/Turabian. NoodleTools can be accessed by clicking on the tab, Article Databases, on the Marriott Library's home page, and then clicking on the letter "N" for NoodleTools.

APA Style

Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association (print)
Several APA style manuals are available at the Knowledge Commons Desk to check out for one week.  One copy is only available for use in the library.

Although the complete APA style manual is not available online, many organizations and idividuals have created Web sites with helpful information about the APA style.  Below are several of the best.  Note that the second and the last links include a sample paper in APA style.

Available Online & in the Knowledge Commons

Chicago Style

 The Chicago Manual of Style Online 
Also includes the popular Chicago Style Q&A and the Quick Guide for "clear examples of how to use Chicago-style citation" and "provides convenient tools such as sample forms, letters, and style sheets".

Helpful Web sites from two universities about Chicago style.


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Donna Ziegenfuss
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