Systematic Reviews

Elevating the quality of Systematic Reviews and Evidence Reviews produced at the University of Utah

Types of Evidence Reviews


Moher D, Stewart L, Shekelle P. All in the Family: systematic reviews, rapid reviews, scoping reviews, realist reviews, and more. Syst Rev. 2015 Dec 22;4:183.doi: 10.1186/s13643-015-0163-7. PubMed PMID: 26693720; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC4688988.

Grant MJ, Booth A. A typology of reviews: an analysis of 14 review types and associated methodologies. Health Info Libr J. 2009 Jun;26(2):91-108. doi:10.1111/j.1471-1842.2009.00848.x. PubMed PMID: 1949148

Fourteen review types and associated methodologies were compared and contrasted using  the SALSA (Search, AppraisaL, Synthesis and Analysis) framework.


Booth A, Sutton A, Clowes M, & Martyn-St James M. (2022). Systematic approaches to a successful literature review (Third edition). SAGE Publications Ltd. (Current and previous editions available at the U Libraries)

What review is right for your review question?


Right Review - a tool providing guidance and supporting material on methods for conduct and reporting of knowledge synthesis.


Munn Z, Peters MDJ, Stern C, Tufanaru C, McArthur A, Aromataris E. Systematic review or scoping review? Guidance for authors when choosing between a systematic or scoping review approach. BMC Med Res Methodol. Nov 19 2018;18(1):143. doi:10.1186/s12874-018-0611-x