Urban Institute for Teacher Education: Information, Visual, & Technology Literacy

Information Literacy Defined

Information literacy is a set of abilities requiring individuals to "recognize when information is needed and have the ability to locate, evaluate, and use effectively the needed information."

  • Determine the extent of information needed
  • Access the needed information effectively and efficiently
  • Evaluate information and its sources critically
  • Incorporate selected information into one’s knowledge base
  • Use information effectively to accomplish a specific purpose
  • Understand the economic, legal, and social issues surrounding the use of information, and access and use information ethically and legally
  • Information Literacy Standards for Higher Education is the document's name. These standards were endorsed by the American Association for Higher Education (October 1999) and the Council of Independent Colleges (February 2004).


    Visual Literacy Defined

    Visual literacy may be defined as the ability to recognize and understand ideas conveyed through visible actions or images, as well as to be able to convey ideas or messages through imagery,

    Information Literacy for Educators

    Here are a few articles to get you started: 

    Asselin, Marlene, and Elizabeth Lee. 2002. I wish someone had taught me: Information literacy in a teacher education program. Teacher Librarian 30(2): 10.

    Birch, Tobeylynn, Louise Greenfield, Karen Janke, Deborah Schaeffer, and Ada Woods. 2008. Partnering with librarians to meet NCATE standards in teacher education. Education 128, no. 3: 369-379.

    Hinchliffe, Lisa Janicke. 2004. Technology and the concept of information literacy for pre-service teachers. Behavioral & Social Sciences Librarian 22(1): 7-18. doi:10.1300/J103v22n01_02.

    Pappas, Marjorie. 2008. Standards for the 21st-century learner: Comparisons with NETS and state standards. School Library Media Activities Monthly 24(10): 19-26.

    Tower, Cathy. 2000. Questions that matter: Preparing elementary students for the inquiry process. The Reading Teacher 53(7): 550-57.

    You can find more articles and several books on the topic at the website, Information Literacy and Education.

    Visual Literacy for Educators


    Metros, S. E. (2008). The Educator's Role in Preparing Visually Literate Learners. Theory Into Practice, 47(2), 102-109. doi:10.1080/00405840801992264

    Wu, X., & Newman, M. (2008). Engage and Excite All Learners Through a Visual Literacy Curriculum. Online Submission, Retrieved from EBSCOhost.

    Whitener-Lepanto, V., & Harroff, B. (2002). Preparing Pre-Service Teachers for Tomorrow: Is Visual Literacy a Necessary Component?. Retrieved from EBSCOhost.

    Sosa, T. (2009). Visual Literacy: The Missing Piece of Your Technology Integration Course. TechTrends: Linking Research and Practice to Improve Learning, 53(2), 55-58. Retrieved from EBSCOhost.

    Box, C. A., & Cochenour, J. (1995). Visual Literacy: What Do Prospective Teachers Need To Know?. Retrieved from EBSCOhost.

    Digital Images Collection

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