Implicit Bias refers to attitudes or stereotypes that affect our understanding, actions, and decisions in an unconscious manner.
Psychologists at Harvard, the University of Virginia and the University of Washington created "Project Implicit" to develop Hidden Bias Tests—called Implicit Association Tests, or IATs—to measure unconscious bias. Multiple tests are available for self-assessment.
Greenwald, A., T. Poehlman et al. (2009). Understanding the Implicit Association Test. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 97, No 1, 17-41.
The seminal paper that first described the IAT as a tool to measure evaluative associations that underlie implicit attitudes.
Rosin, H, Spiegel, A. (Hosts). (2017, June 8). Invisibilia: The Culture Inside [Audio podcast]
Hour long NPR podcast that provides overview of IAT, implicit bias, as well as how to combat the effects of bias.
From the Kirwan Institute for the Study of Race and Ethnicity at The Ohio State University.
Introduces insights into how the mind operates; helps understand the origins of implicit associations. Uncover some of your own biases and learn strategies for addressing them. Each module is divided into a short series of lessons, taking ~ 10 minutes to complete.
Addressing Bias Through Mitigation: A Toolkit for medical educators in UME, GME, and Faculty Development. Alliance for Academic Internal Medicine
Chapman, E. N., Kaatz, A., Carnes, M. (2013). Physicians and implicit bias: How doctors may unwittingly perpetuate health care disparities. Journal of General Internal Medicine, 28,1504–1510.
Perspective piece that discusses the importance of physicians acknowledging their own susceptibility to implicit bias, and he importance of taking part in mitigation strategies when providing patient care.
Perdomo, J., et al. (2019). Health Equity Rounds: An Interdisciplinary Case Conference to Address Implicit Bias and Structural Racism for Faculty and Trainees. MedEdPORTAL. DOI:10.15766/mep_2374-8265.10858
A longitudinal case conference curriculum called Health Equity Rounds (HER) - developed to discuss and address the impact of structural racism and implicit bias on patient care. The curriculum engages participants across training levels and disciplines on these topics utilizing case-based discussion, evidence-based exercises, and two relevant conceptual frameworks. Slide deck for curriculum included in Appendices.
Sherman MD, Ricco J, Nelson SC, Nezhad SJ, Prasad S. Implicit Bias Training in a Residency Program: Aiming for Enduring Effects. Fam Med. 2019;51(8):677-681. https://doi.org/10.22454/FamMed.2019.947255.
Teal, C.R., Gill, A.C., Green, A.R. and Crandall, S. (2012), Helping medical learners recognise and manage unconscious bias toward certain patient groups. Medical Education, 46: 80-88.