Research Skills for Developing Writers: Vocabulary Help!

An introductory guide to help multilingual undergraduate writers at the U develop their research skills.

Research Vocabulary

  • This glossary is in alphabetical order; search for the word by the first letter.  For example, the word 'research' will be under letter R.
  • The definitions are given in the form of synonyms.
  • Here is a list of codes used:
  • (abbrv.)= abbreviation
  • (adj.) = adjective
  • (adv.)= adverb
  • (n.) = noun
  • (v.)= verb



  • academic misconduct (n.): cheating or plagiarizing school work 
  • Academic Search Premier (n.): ASP; research database
  • acculturation (n.): adapting to culture; orientation; getting to know cultural norms
  • accuracy (n.): certainty; containing facts; exactness
  • acknowledge (v.): recognize; accept; approve
  • authority (n.): influence; expertise
  • administrative (adj.): official; in-charge
  • analyze (v.): consider; study; evaluate
  • aspect (n.): detail; facet; part
  • attribution (n.): credit; citation; acknowledgement 
  • author (n.): creator; writer


  • bias (n.): one-sidedness; preference; prejudice
  • Boolean operator (n.): "and"; "or"; "not"
  • borrow (v.): use and cite; take; give a note for
  • broad (adj.): deep; big; widespread 
  • browse (v.): scan; skim; read


  • call number (n.): number assigned to a book; shelf mark
  • catalog (n.): collection of library resources; information bank
  • cheating (n.): dishonesty; fraud; not doing your own work
  • choose (v.): select; identify; decide on
  • citation (n.): reference; source; credit
  • cite (v.): name; reference; give credit
  • CLOZE (n.): a language exercise that helps you learn to use vocabulary in sentences and paragraphs 
  • collect (v.): find; gather; compile
  • collection (n.): group; selection
  • common knowledge (n.): a fact that everybody knows
  • concept map (n.): graphic organizer; semantic connections; idea map
  • concise (adj.): detailed; narrow; brief
  • conditioned (adj.): learned; accustomed to; habituated
  • controversial (adj.): argumentative; open to question; debatable
  • CRAAP (abbr.): Currency, Relevance, Authority, Accuracy, Purpose
  • creator (n.): author; organization
  • credentials (n.): references; recommendation; background
  • credibility (n.): reliability; validity; trustworthiness
  • criteria (n.): basis; example; standard
  • currency (n.): timely; current; relevant to time 
  • current (adj.): timely; now; up-to-date


  • database (n.): information bank; collection of resources
  • deliberate (adj.): on purpose; planned; conscious
  • derivative (adj.): transferred; copied; acquired
  • develop (v.): build; expand; write


  • evaluate (v.): judge; decide; analyze
  • express (v.): present; produce; write


  • fabrication (n.): falsification; invention; lie
  • facet (n.): feature; element
  • field (n.): domain; specific area; type 
  • first impression (n.): first meeting; introduction


  • graphic organizer (n.): chart; visual; diagram



  • identify (v.): find; choose; select
  • ill-defined (adj.): unclear; vague
  • impartial (adj.): equal; unbiased
  • implication (n.): conclusion; meaning; connection
  • index (v.): organize; categorize
  • intentionally (adv.): on purpose; willfully



  • keyword (n.): "natural language"; general term; main idea


  • location (n.): physical place; collection; outside source


  • manifestation (n.): demonstration; presentation; form of expressing your work
  • misconduct (n.): misbehavior; offense; wrongdoing 
  • misrepresent (v.): lie; falsify; manipulate
  • misrepresentation (n.): lie; falsification; manipulation 
  • MLIB (abbrv.): Marriott Library; University of Utah main campus library
  • multi-disciplinary (adj.): many topics; several subjects
  • multilingual (adj.): speaking 2 or more languages 



  • objective (adj.): impartial; unbiased; fair
  • out-of date (adj.): obsolete; irrelevant; not current


  • parameter (n.): guideline; boundary; limit
  • perform (v.): do; conduct 
  • periodical (n.): journal; magazine; newspaper
  • plagiarism (n.): copying another's written work and saying it is your own; falsification; stealing
  • plagiarize (v.): cheat; copy written work; not cite
  • proofread (v.): edit; check; correct
  • publication (n.): written communication; book; periodical
  • publication date (n.): the date or year an communication was released to the public
  • purpose (n.): reason; goal; objective



  • refine (v.): clarify; improve; filter
  • relevance (n.): significance; connection; meaning
  • relevant (adj.): related; important; consistent with
  • reputation (n.): character; prestige; standing
  • research (n.): analysis; inquiry
  • research (v.): analyze; ask; inquire
  • retrieve (v.): get; fetch; bring back


  • scholarly (adj.): academic; studious; accurate
  • search term (n.): keyword; subject term; topic
  • skim (v.): read quickly; browse; scan
  • specific (adj.): exact; explicit; precise
  • spine (n.): bound edge of a book
  • status (n.): condition; situation; place
  • subject (n.): topic; discipline; field
  • subject term (n.): "controlled language"; specific database search term
  • SWBAT (abbrv.): Students will be able to...
  • synonym (n.): a different word with the same meaning
  • synthesize (v.): put together; organize; arrange


  • table of contents (n.): overview; background
  • thesaurus (n.): a dictionary of synonyms
  • timeliness (n.): relevant for the time; currency
  • title (n.): name; description; headline
  • tutorial (n.): short lesson; example


  • unauthorized (adj.): without permission; banned; unapproved
  • unintentionally (adv.): not on purpose; on accident


  • variance (n.): difference; conflict; inconsistency
  • vernacular (n.): terms; specialized vocabulary; jargon





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